Sunday, July 23, 2017

Hae Sul 4: Gae-Baek elbow lock takedown

So much for the first double arc hand block in Gae-Baek. Now for the second.

There is a lock in aiki-jujitsu derived arts called hiji kime osae (elbow arm bearing pressure), also called hiji gatame (elbow pin) or rokkyo (sixth teaching) because Aikido names are confusing. We can use Gae-Baek moves 25-28 to create this lock. The set is:
  • Front stance double arc hand block
  • Maintaining stance, back hand upset punch
  • Half step 180-degrees into horizontal elbow strike, left palm hitting right elbow
  • Leap forward into rear foot X-stance double forearm block
Sources: HowCast, coshigould
Besides the source video, another example is here. Details
  • Assume a same side wrist grab against your right arm. Rotate your right arm counter-clockwise, and use your left palm to grab the back of the opponent's hand. (Double arc hand block)
  • From here you can grab your opponent's knifehand and peel it off and down with the upset punch, pronating the opponent's arm in the process, which allows you to...
  • Turn 180-degrees and match your elbow with your opponent's, putting them into an armbar. The left palm in this case is bending your opponent's wrist in towards their body, putting them into a secondary wrist lock.
  • Use the leap as a quick-and-dirty takedown. Put forward pressure on your opponent as you lean your weight on them and bend their wrist and arm towards their body with the double forearm block.
Aikidoka perform this lock more continuously, so step 2 -- using an upset punch motion to pronate the opponent's arm -- is barely noticeable because it's done while the defender is turning. The takedown can be done either by dragging the opponent out or by putting forward pressure on them. If you don't wish to harm your opponent, then don't use the literal leap. Leaning onto your opponent should be enough, and might explain the use of rear foot X-stance: placing all your weight forward.

The preceding move in the form -- the twin vertical face punch -- may be used as an initial strike: a quick pop to the face if an opponent grabs your wrist.

Variation

You may have noticed that the aikidoka first raises his opponent's arms to head level, just like our double arc hand block. However, other martial artists have argued this is a bad idea, and that it's better to keep your opponent's wrist close to your body. Alain Burrese, a Hapkidoin, says you never need to raise your opponent's arm above your armpit. He also performs the takedown by leaning back on his opponent and sitting down.
Source: Your Warrior's Edge
Although it's not a leap, you can still see the use of the double forearm block, bending both the wrist and arm in towards the opponent's body.

Sources

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mjbZDCkIZeU
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GzGhGPbgeZI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UXvpToSwTBw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qLwxvUi8vc8

2 comments:

  1. I'll be taking an indefinite break from this blog. I hope I've done my small part to help taekwondo rediscover its martial roots.

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  2. great post yet again. I hope you return from your break soon a give us more great posts like this one.

    ReplyDelete